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3-in-1 Drug Test for Bath Salts (MDPV + Alpha-PVP + Methcathinone) Pannel

Categories Drug Abuse Test Kit
Brand Name: Alltest
Model Number: DOA-134
Certification: CE
Place of Origin: China
MOQ: N/A
Delivery Time: Two weeks
Color: Yellow
Formot: Pannel
Specimen: Urine
Kit Size: 25T
Cut-off: See insert
Temperature 2℃-30℃: 2℃-30℃
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3-in-1 Drug Test for Bath Salts (MDPV + Alpha-PVP + Methcathinone) Pannel

The Multi-Drug Rapid Test Panel is a rapid urine screening test that can be performed without the use of an instrument. The test utilizes monoclonal antibodies to selectively detect elevated levels of specific drugs in urine.

α-PVP (alpha-Pyrrolidinovalerophenone)

alpha-Pyrrolidinovalerophenone (also known as α-PVP, A-PVP, alpha-PVP, and Flakka) is a synthetic stimulant substance of the cathinone and pyrrolidine chemical classes.1 α-PVP may be quantified in blood, plasma or urine to confirm a diagnosis of poisoning in hospitalized patients or to provide evidence in a medicolegal death investigation.2 It generally comes in the form of either a crystalline powder or crystallized shards which users can ingest to produce powerful but short-lived euphoric stimulant effects which are comparable to those of methamphetamine and cocaine when insufflated or vaporized. α-PVP has been reported to be the cause, or a significant contributory cause of death in suicides and overdoses caused by combinations of drugs.3, 4 It has also been linked to at least one death where it was combined with pentedrone and caused heart failure.

MDPV(3, 4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone)

3, 4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) is a psychoactive recreational drug with stimulant properties which acts as a norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitor (NDRI). It was first developed in the 1960s by a team at BoehringerIngelheim. MDPV remained an obscure stimulant until around 2004 when it was reportedly sold as a designer drug. Products labeled as bath salts containing MDPV were previously sold as recreational drugs in gas stations and convenience stores in the United States, similar to the marketing for Spice and K2 as incense.

MDPV is the 3, 4-methylenedioxy ring-substituted analog of the compound pyrovalerone, developed in the 1960s, which has been used for the treatment of chronic fatigue and as an anorectic, but caused problems of abuse and dependence. However, despite its structural similarity, the effects of MDPV bear little resemblance to other methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine derivatives such as 3, 4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (MDMA), instead producing primarily stimulant effects with only mild entactogenic qualities.

MDPV undergoes CYP450 2D6, 2C19, 1A2, and COMT phase 1 metabolism (liver) into methylcatechol and pyrrolidine, which in turn are glucuronated (uridine 5'-diphospho-glucuronosyl-transferase) allowing it to be excreted by the kidneys, with only a small fraction of the metabolites being excreted into the stools. No free pyrrolidine will be detected in the urine.

MCAT(Methcathinone)

Methcathinone , is a monoamine alkaloid and psychoactive stimulant, a substituted cathinone. Methcathinone is a highly addictive drug, primarily psychologically addicting and most of the signs of addiction to the drug are emotional or psychological. It has been popularized and continues to be sold under misleading names such as "bath salts", "plant fertilizers" or "research chemicals", but it is actually a powerful psycho-stimulant used as a recreational drug. Effects of this drug typically last from 4 to 6 hours. It is used as a recreational drug due to its potent stimulant and euphoric effects and is considered to be addictive, with both physical and psychological withdrawal occurring if its use is discontinued after prolonged or high-dosage administration 5. It is usually snorted, but can be smoked, injected, or taken orally. Methcathinone is listed as a Schedule I controlled substance by the Convention on Psychotropic Substances and the United States' Controlled Substances Act, and as such it is not considered to be safe or effective in the treatment, diagnosis, prevention, or cure of any disease, and has no approved medical use. Methcathinone has very strong affinities for the dopamine transporter and the norepinephrine (noradrenaline) transporter. Its affinity for the serotonin transporter is less than that of methamphetamine. 6

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